The Holigrative Approach
approach views everything as related.
The degree of Stability of the people in a society influences the kind
of political administration and government they tend to have, their educational
system, their economic system, their religion and so on. Conversely, the political, economic, religious and educational systems
influence the Stability of the people as well.
Therefore if we want to promote well-being of the people, one method of
doing that will be to alter the
political, economic, education, religious and other systems in that society.
has not always been linear. There have
been highly Stable societies in the past.
Overpopulation and shortage of resources have been the main cause of
increase in violence and instability.
There would have been Stable societies right from African times where
individuals have the freedom to innovate and they share their profits with the
community. Overpopulation and depletion
of resources would have been the causes making people migrate to other
continents. An advanced civilisation evolved in Mesopotamia, the area now
called the Middle East. The area had a congenial climate, plenty of natural resources and
fertile land. Stable societies emerged in the Middle East. Administration was by a council of elders who
were successful in life and contributed to the group welfare. Jews originally did not have a king according
to Jewish history. Religion was free of
superstition and tended to be monotheistic.
Jews to the West, Sumer to the south and Elam to the east of Euphrates
and Tigris rivers shared the same culture in the beginning. As the population size increased and more and
more migrants arrived from Africa, population density increased. Fights started and the need for kingship
arose. Saul was the first king of Jews.
was the first king of Sumer. As fight
became more and more frequent, some people of Elam moved east and founded the
civilisations of Mehrgarh and still later the Indus
Valley civilisation. As these proto-Tamilian (Dravidian) people did not have enemies, they did
not have the system of kingship and administration was by council of
distinguished elders. Their God was Kadavul (literally “get in” or god within). People of Indus Valley were traders and they
travelled far and wide establishing colonies all over. They started the practice of bringing workers
from Africa (mainly from Sudan) and these workers came to be called
Sudras. They were not slaves, but
workers who were free to leave if they did not like the situation. The Sudras continued to worship gods like the
Mother Goddess (Amman) and Murukan (Murungu, the hill-top god of Sudan). The availability of work force from Africa
made it possible for the Dravidians to develop organised farming on a large
scale and utilise their spare time and energies to the development of trade,
technology and culture. The culture
gradually spread into India and China.
The culture thrived, developed and evolved for about 2000 years from
around 3500 B.C.
were originally a brown-skinned people as were all those who evolved in the
Middle-East. The recent DNA analysis of
human remains of Rakhigarhi excavation also shows
that Indus valley people were Dravidian. The mental and physical
characteristics of the Sudras who were continuously recruited from Sudan were
different. The reproduction rate of the
Dravidians was smaller than that of the Sudras.
There was increased intermixing of the races also. Gradually, the racial composition of the
Dravidians themselves changed. The
original Dravidians are today called the Vaisya
community and they are found all over India.
In the north their language and other characteristics have been more
influenced by later migrants while in the south their language and cultural
characteristics have been less affected.
after reaching the end of the road at the east-coast in Mongolia near the
Pacific Ocean faced a crisis. The
reproduction rate was very high and there was nowhere to go. This led to increased fighting and gradually
a race of skilled warriors emerged. They
started remigrating westwards instilling kingship
culture and inducing aggressive violence in people towards the West. The Aryans were such a set of skilled
warriors migrating West. They had two sects – those who worshipped the
Sun (Ra) and those who worshipped the moon.
They emerged from the Steppes in central Asia and they entered Egypt and
became the Ramsus (sus is a
respectful suffix) lineage. They entered
India and came to be known as Kshatriyas (Kasaktriya, originally, after Kasakistan). Ram of Ramayana belongs to the
sun-worshipping clan of the Aryan tribe.
Rebuilding history from Indian traditions and local history, it appears
that the Aryans were not solely responsible for the destruction of the Indus
Valley civilisation. In fact it appears
that the Aryans came in small numbers, from around 2000 B.C., merging with the
local population. Gradually, as their
numbers increased, we find kingship arising in the Mahajanapathas
(democracies) which were originally administered by the council of competent
and distinguished elders (Panchayath).
migration moving north-west from central Asia reached southern Poland
(originally called Sarmatia) displacing the original Sarmas. The Sarmas in
Poland decided to migrate south in search of peace. They settled in the second Sarmatia near
Caspian sea and gradually migrated to India. Their migration to India stated from around
1500 B.C. and continued till
6th century A.D. The Kshatriyas had already renamed most of the rivers after
their goddess Harahwati which the Sarmas
pronounced as Saraswathi. The different references to Sarasathi river in the Rig Veda
need not refer to the same river. Some
references appear to be to the Ganges the Western portion of which could have
been called Harahwathi in those days. Later on the term Arya
got generalised. Literally Arya only means high born.
The Sarmas (later called Brahmins after
continued racial mixing) came to be regarded as Aryan grade 1 as they are
originally nordic and from
the northern most areas of the earth and Kshatriyas
Grade 2 Aryans and Vaisyas as Grade 3 Aryans.
around 3.5 %, Kshatriyas, 5.5 %, Vaisyas
6 %, Sudras 50 % and aboriginals (scheduled castes and tribes) 25 % of the Indian
population. As Kshatriyas
became more powerful, Kingship became the form of administration. The ability
to invade and conquer was the base for political power. Indians gradually came to admire and respect
kingship and their values came to be centred on this kind of set-up. Even now many Indians want India to be a
super ‘power’, scaring every other country. There was gradual undervaluation of
individual initiative, ability to create organised productive undertakings. The policies of nationalisation (which is the
government grabbing any successful private initiative and the public sector
mentality which is the feeling that the government must do everything) stem
from this long tradition of authoritarian rule by kings.
Most of the
insights regarding Holigrative practices and organisation in a Stable human
society have been derived from a study of Indian society from within India in a
Holigrative Approach to
Administration and Politics
Many people by mistake regard the
present multi-party system of democracy to be the best or ideal form of
governance. Members of a board of
administrators should work in perfect harmony; the house should not be divided
into members of the ruling party and the opposition. A set of self-less administrators working in
harmonious unison itself produces a Stable influence on the nation. A little
reflection would reveal that the multi-party form of governance is only a
shadow of the older form of kingship rule.
A warrior raises an army and defeats the other rivals to become king. He has to hold his position by fighting
neighbouring countries. In the
multiparty system, a man has to come to the leadership position in a party by
hook or crook, fight an election, come to power and has to create war to hold
his position. The poor voter has really
no option except to vote for one among a few rival parties. Even Socrates was critical of the democracy
based on vote. The winner has to oblige his supporters and also make enough
money to fight the next election. The
image any candidate project is that of a fighter. People who get elected tend to have
aggression and violence. They cannot have either the mind-set to understand the
problems of a country nor the ability to solve its problems efficiently. Such a
system cannot foster world peace or peace within the country. Administration is a highly skilled job and
the common man is not at all competent to judge the administrative ability of
candidates. Those who have built up successful businesses or industries on the
other hand will have the knowhow of building a nation and solve problems
relating to environment, economic policies and so on also. Administration is too serious a matter to be
left to the politicians.
When India got
independence, Mahatma Gandhi wanted the congress party to be dissolved, because
he knew what was coming. That did not
happen and power shifted from the hands of the British to the hands of the
Indian politician. Communism was a popular idea in the world at that time and
India started moving towards a rule where everything is owned by the state and
therefore under the control of the politicians. What finally emerged was an
authoritarian rule by politicians with a soft external face and the farce of an
The ideal system
is one where every citizen stands a chance of getting into administrative
positions depending on his proven ability or contribution. The total income tax paid during an
individual’s lifetime can be a primary qualification. Contributions made in the areas of academics,
science, technology and art can be other qualifications to be considered. Selection should not be based on any kind of
competition, but purely on the basis of merit.
There should be a “selection” commission consisting of experts and not
an election commission. There should be
clearly written rules for selection of administrators so that there will not be
any possibility of bias. Administration
should always be by a council. There
should not a one-man show as president or prime minister. Of course, in the unlikely event of a war,
the council can designate one member to take charge as controller of
emergency. Selection should be for a
specified period like say 5 years. To
ensure continuity, new persons should be selected every year to replace older
ones completing their term. The
selection process should replace election by vote in all bodies at local level
as well as state and national levels.
When applied to the world, it can make the process of formation of a
world government more easy.
Such a system
will make people realise that productive activity is important and that
competitive politicking is a national waste of time breeding unhealthy groupism, violence and rivalties. Selection of competent administrators based
on proven merit and contribution will reduce divisive violence in society. This
will be a modern form of the ancient Indian system of panchayat
or administration by distinguished and competent elders which existed in India
up to the early
Such a system will not make India a super “power” other nations are
afraid of, but will make India a nation that spreads unity and harmony in the
Holigrative Approach to Economics and
approaches have been tried all over the world to solve economic problems: capitalism, communism, cooperative system,
mixed economy and so on. There is an
interaction between the type of government and type of economics. Capitalism in a multi-party democracy will be
different from capitalism under a single party authoritarian rule (like in
China). The degree of innovation shown, productivity
etc. will be different based on the type of governance and type of economics.
has been of great influence in economics.
Marx was right provided we understand that when Marx speaks of capital
he is really referring to aggrandised capital and not earned or saved
capital. The bourgeois is one with
aggrandised or stolen capital. Marx was a Jew (by race) and Germany at that
time was under kingship rule by Aryan kings.
If Marx did not camouflage his anger against warring Aryans, he would
have been beheaded. Marx had to create a
laughable theory of value and surplus value to justify his stand on the
capital. It is common sense that value
depends on the balance between supply and demand. If a man spends the whole of his life-time
producing something which is obsolete or cheaply available, and which nobody
wants, it has no value (contrary to the Marxian theory of value). Marx was financed and supported by his rich
Jewish capitalistic relatives (with earned capital and not aggrandised capital)
like Philips and the Jews understood Marxism in the way it was at the back of
the mind of Marx. The final goal of Marx
was to destroy aggrandising capitalists and establish the old Middle-Eastern
society where people were supportive of each other and not violent. Marx found no solution against violence
except violence itself. Nearly a century later Jews took the lead in an armed
revolution against the aggressive Aryan capitalists and Hitler as a boy saw
people of his race been butchered by the Jews.
This made him what he became and do what he
did. It was a re-assertion of brute
force against collectivism. Real
efficient collectivism does not imply collectively owning means of production,
but creating wealth by efficient individualistic ownership and wealth being
shared by everybody equally. Jews played
a part in Russian revolution also. In
every country where revolutions took place, though non-Aryans were behind the
revolution, finally those who came to power in the power struggle were of Aryan
breed proving that violence breeds violence and that the final victor in a struggle of violence will be the most violent
people. This is most evident in Stalin
hunting down and killing Trotsky. Every
country after a bloody communist revolution (from Russia up to North Korea)
ended-up having most atrocious forms of authoritarian dictatorship which is kingship
in disguise. The controversy came to an end by Gorbachev revealing the economic
truth in his books Glasnost and Perestroika.
Free-market economy is called capitalism under an authoritarian rule
while capitalism becomes free market economy in a real democracy. The
cooperative movement was started in Britain and extensively experimented upon
by China and finally abandoned in favour or free-market economy and individual
Real freedom is
freedom to innovate, own what earns by productive work and save the profits for
further investment. There is no real
freedom in voting for one among two or three vested interest groups in the form
of political parties. India after independence turned against the hard-working
entrepreneurs. The real duty of the
state must be to protect rightful ownership, not grab under the label of
nationalisation what a citizen creates by self-effort. But in independent India the entrepreneur
became the enemy of the state. The threat of nationalisation made it easy to
collect funds for the next election. The
threat of nationalisation discourages any entrepreneur. The inefficient public
sector was growing and consequently the economy went from bad to worse. Majority of Indians have considerable Inertia,
and they did not realise what was happening.
They do not have the notion of efficiency, how best to achieve a result
with least cost. They think the nation
develops by the government starting new enterprises and employing workers on a
permanent basis and people taking pay and pension doing little or no work. The basic question is regarding the
difference between an efficient society which is alive and a lethargic
Now it has been
internationally accepted that countries which develop fast economically have
the policies and
practices of privatisation, liberalisation and
multiplication of occupational areas and jobs, affluence, etc. are seen in countries following these policies. India soon
after independence accepted the very opposite of these three. There were too many restrictive laws
preventing personal freedom. Nobody
could take their private money outside India, making India virtually a prison house. Even many poor and underdeveloped countries
do not restrict personal freedom of citizens to take their personal money or
wealth out of the country. Too many laws (now known as the licence raj) made it
impossible for an ordinary man to start a business. Income tax at one time (1973-74) was close to
98% (for highest income group) making it impossible for anyone to save and
invest. A foreign national or foreign investor could not start a business in
India. The most dangerous laws were
concerned with restrictions concerning hiring and firing. Countries which developed economically had
and still have the hire and fire policy which means the owner or employer has
the freedom to dismiss a worker without assigning any reason. An employer in affluent countries also has
the freedom to increase or decrease the pay of the employee without assigning
any reason. Availability of a more skilled person willing to work for less pay
is good enough reason to dismiss an older employee. Indian labour laws exempt
domestic help from its purview. That is,
you can fire domestic servants in your house if you do not like them, but you
cannot fire any employee in your factory or office. In actual fact, fireability
is more important in office and factory than home from the point of view of
national development. One single
troublesome employee can wreck the whole enterprise. The real self-respect of a
worker depends on the feeling that he is being retained and given a certain
amount of remuneration because he is more worthy than anybody else to hold that
job. In India if you start a business
you cannot easily close it down also because you have to pay compensation to
the employees. In countries where there is hire and fire policy, starting and
running an enterprise involves no risk.
The entrepreneur is always in command.
It is advantageous in every way to start your own enterprise rather than
work for somebody else. People start businesses and productive enterprises with
ease and soon the country reaches the point of take off of economic development
when there are more vacant jobs than available workers. That is when competent workers are able to bargain
for more wages depending on their skill and ability at work. In countries where there is no hire and fire
policy, there is chaos and indiscipline. Workers unite and demand more and more
wages for less and less work and the owner or management is finally forced to close
down shop. Everyone wants to be a worker
and nobody wants to be an entrepreneur who is at the mercy of workers. Everyone wants to eat, nobody is ready to
cook or serve.
India is slowly
and gradually changing its economic policies.
But the hangover of the past continues because of the sheer inertia of
the majority of the people. Politicians
do not understand economics. They do not understand why people work, continue working and why they do not work. Those who have managed companies,
executed positive work projects understand. Ordinary people do not understand
why in some countries there is proliferation of jobs and services while in
others the money value keeps falling. In a country like India, where Inertia is
a little too high, if you increase pay there will be less work, unless there is
the threat of dismissal. People are
unhappy when the government sells off a public sector undertaking. People do not understand that when a
government owned company which is running at a loss or a small profit, is sold
to private entrepreneurs, the government gets not only the money but a
percentage of the yearly profit of the private buyer also as tax every year. Real security does not come from job
permanence, but from ability to do better work than anybody else and social
security systems. If a person wants job security he should start his own
business and employ others. The ignorant public thinks that the government is
infinitely powerful and that the government can afford to pay enough wages to
everybody for doing no work. They do not
realise that government’s money comes from taxes paid by successful
entrepreneurs. The potential work
capacity of the Indian work force is wasted through governmental undertakings.
Knowledgeable politicians now realise the importance of hire and fire policy
but they are afraid of losing votes in the next election if they introduce
these policies. All government jobs
should be made contractual for a period not exceeding five years. So long as the administrators are dependent
on votes of the ignorant public, the needed privatisation, liberalisation and
globalisation cannot take place. When administrators
are selected instead of elected, there will be no fight between neighbouring
nations and therefore no need for war preparations. The government does not have to start
industries or business concerns which run inefficiently to compete with private
entrepreneurs. Therefore the government will not need to collect too much tax.
Then maximum income tax rate need not exceed 10 %. Then entrepreneurs will have
more money to invest and expand services and economic development will be
Planning is very
important. Planning does not mean that
the government should do everything.
Effective planning takes into account the principles of the psychology
of why people work and the government has to create the right conditions which
elicit work which is through privatisation.
The government should protect entrepreneurs from being attacked by mobocratic violence under guise of environmental issues and
demands for more concessions for workers.
become more and more affluent and there are strong social security systems,
people will be less and less motivated to take responsibilities and start new
ventures. Then society will have to take
special measures to promote and encourage entrepreneurial behaviour.
well-being of a person is closely related to his self-respect which in turn
depends on the person’s feeling that he is worth the wage he is getting and not
hanging on just because he cannot be fired.
True happiness comes out of true self-respect.. People of a country can have real self-respect
only if there is hire and fire policy both in public sector as well as private
sector. Self-respect is holistically
related all other components of personality like intelligence. Therefore the Stability (which is the general
factor of personality) of the people of a nation is directly linked to the
economic policies of that nation. In a
country where the economic policies and laws do not engender self-respect, the
people will end up slothful and lethargic, full of Inertia.
work affect the way people interact and relate to each other at work. The question is what kind of laws regarding
work promotes positive interpersonal relations and greater harmony at work.
Holigrative Approach to Education and
agree that the primary aim of education is personal growth or character
development. But in practice we find
varying degrees of importance attached to information, knowledge and skills in
different countries depending on the nature of political system and economic
policies. There is no doubt that
education should impart basic skills of Reading, Writing and Arithmetic and in
modern times use of the Computer and Internet. Primary or basic education should also impart
skills of self-learning. It should also
impart knowledge of how to organise and start a business of one’s own including
the legal and other requirements and formalities of doing the same. Above all, primary education should foster
self-respect and proper work values in children. Primary education should be over by the time
the child attains biological maturity, that is, by age 12.
In modern times,
in many countries, large school systems have a corrupting influence on morals
of children. Children learn many bad habits like drug use and crime from
schools and institutions of higher education.
Therefore in many countries methods like home schooling, unschooling, neighbourhood schooling, etc. are becoming
popular. Education is shifting to the
private sector and the governments need to run institutions only if there is need.
offers many options like online courses and online classrooms. Children are brought together for
socialisation and play only on weekends.
Approach to education is emphasising personal growth through promoting
Stability in children. For this the
teachers must be Stable people in the first place and the whole educational
system must be so formed as to promote personal growth. Evaluation of children must be primarily
based on degree of Stability attained and not the amount of information the
child has stored. This is possible only
when teachers are Stable people and are capable of rating Stability in
children. Evaluation should be based on
day to day performance of the child and not solely on the basis of performance
in written examinations with set questions and expected answers.
question in the areas of child rearing as well as education is the amount of
punishment or force that is necessary. A
related question is the degree of rote learning or information feeding
necessary in education. Is it necessary
to keep children in their seats in the classroom for five hours a day and make
them listen to the teachers?
The answer is
moderation. Highly Stable teachers and
parents can probably do away with force or punishment almost entirely. Then learning or personal growth takes place mainly
through modelling and sympathetic vibration. Positive reinforcement or reward should
be used for shaping behaviour and punishment should be as little as
possible. However, negative behaviour
should not be ignored and it should be corrected.
minimum of information feeding is necessary especially to convey the basics of Reading,
Writing and Arithmetic and the Computer.
Similarly children should be made to sit quietly for a few minutes
depending on their age and how much of silence they can take at a particular
age, but not too much.
principle regarding the interaction between Stability and rote learning is that
a Stable person, if he wants can subject himself to high amounts of rote
learning, but that would tend to decrease his own creativity and
Stability. Highly Stable people are
aware of the damaging effect of rote learning on their own personality and therfore avoid rote learning. Many highly creative and Stable
people as children could not cope with schooling because traditionally there
was too much force feeding in schools.
Many geniuses were poor achievers at formal education. Rabindranath Tagore could not adjust to schooling. Many geniuses like Einstein were not high
performers at formal education because traditional educational systems
emphasised rote learning and not ability to innovate or create. The problem was with the educational system
and method of evaluation and not with the geniuses themselves.
Apart from the
very basics, one should learn only things in which one has an interest. Learning by force (especially learning by
heart or by rote memory) what one is not interested in tends to decrease
Stability. Teachers primarily should be
interested in what they are teaching.
Their primary responsibility must be to generate interest in the child
for self-learning any subject. The set
syllabus must be a bare minimum.
Teachers should create their own syllabus and teach only what they are
interested in. Similarly students should
select and learn only what they are interested in. Education should emphasise creativity and
self-expression in children more than rote learning. All children must be
trained in the fine arts, with emphasis on creation. Children must be encouraged to create music
and poetry, draw and paint, act, dance and so on.
be made aware of the world of work, different possible careers and occupations
right from an early age. At the end of
schooling by the age of 12, it should possible for children to start work, at
least part-time. A child should have a
flexible career plan. The child can try
different jobs, testing his own suitability for various professions. Part of the time can be spent on further
preparations and learning. Learning and
personal growth are processes that can continue throughout life, along with
One of the
primary objectives of work should be personal growth. A man ordinarily spends most of his time at
work and therefore the effect the work has on his well-being and personal
growth is very important. As society evolves and becomes affluent, it will
possible for a person to be working in different areas at the same time. Morning one job and
after-noon another. What is now
a profession can become a hobby later on and vice-versa. One should not continue in a profession once
he develops a feeling of burnout, boredom or satiation. A feeling of challenge is very important. So
also is the need to compensate for one’s deficiencies and develop a fuller
personality. It should be possible for a person to take the required training
and change profession at any age if the change is required for personal
one of the main organising facets of personality. One should feel that one is doing a
meaningful job and that one is making a just contribution through work for the
money he is taking. Everybody should
ultimately try to start some new service or institution of his own, though
initially for some time one may work for others to gain experience and learn
the know-how. The most important thing
to learn in school is self-respect in work i.e., not to hang on to a job if you
are not wanted there by the management.
One should respect the management’s right to dismiss you if another new
worker is willing to do better work than you for lesser pay. Your self-respect depends on your feeling of wantedness by the employer and feeling that you are worthy
of the salary you get and that nobody can do better work than you for the
remuneration you are taking.
School life is
one of the most enjoyable periods of a person’s life and learning what one is
interested in is one of the most pleasurable activities. However in countries like India education is
turning into a torture and a nightmare.
As a result of wrong economic policies, jobs are getting scarce and everybody
wants to get a government job. Everyone
wants a white collar job and nobody wants to do physical manual work. Since
marks are important in securing government jobs, students are under high
pressure to learn by heart textbook material and reproduce in written
examinations. There is a regular fight
between parents and children to study, parents forcing tuitions and private
coaching on children round the clock.
Those who manage to get a job by hook or crook hold on to it somehow,
join collective strikes demanding more and more pay, doing less and less
work. There is no accountability and the
worst sufferers are those who start something on their own. They exist at the mercy of the workers and
politicians are waiting for an opportunity to organise strikes demanding more
pay, finally forcing the proprietor to close the undertaking.
system of education is possible only if the country has a workable and
efficient economic system promoting economic growth and stability. There is a lot of confusion in the minds of
people regarding education and personal growth.
Many believe that the accumulation of degrees or even merely going to
college has a miraculous effect on personal growth. It is true that the discipline involved in
systematic study of anything has a positive effect on personality. Right meditation is an even better and more
efficient way of altering personality.
Accumulation of degrees only tends to make people conceited,
self-conscious and egoistic. Similarly
many people do not understand the differences between memory, information,
knowledge, wisdom and Stability.
Stability is not accumulated information, but the very absence of
compulsive dependence on information and thought. Many overload and tax their
brains with unnecessary information and think that mere factual information is
all that matters. Real personal growth
is a matter of Stability which is linked to personality traits like
self-awareness, self-control, self-respect, self-confidence, self-sufficiency
and the like and this has very little to do with memory or accumulation of
One of the main
areas of wastage of national income in India is in the area of education in the
public sector. The state should make
available primary school education to everybody as everybody may not have
access to private schooling. However, higher
education should largely be left to the private sector.
Holigrative Approach to Crime and
administrative or political stability is a cauldron which breeds crime. In countries like India where the government
controls a significant amount of public sector undertakings and is in control
of all major operations, political parties fight to come to power which gives
them access to significant proportions of wealth and influence. Corruption is inevitable wherever the
government is in control of productive enterprises. Stability is proportional to the degree to
which the government keeps out of productive enterprises and limits its
operation to planning, seeing that justice is meted out to the citizens and
controls crime. History shows that
privatisation is the only solution to the problem of corruption. Poverty breeds crime. Affluence is the result of an efficient
economy created by the policies of privatisation, liberalisation and
globalisation. Our primary responsibility
is to create an efficient system which promotes Stability and discourages
legal system and judiciary are the remnants of British rule across most parts
of the world. While in most countries
including Britain itself, there is a Jury system, in
India we have a single judge or a few judges pronouncing judgements because the
British administrators thought that one Britisher is
competent to pass judgement over Indian disputes.
I think the
notion of a single judge or judges is based on an authoritarian British
tradition. In ancient India the Panchayats decided what was just. In modern times I think there should be
committees consisting of five persons who are experts in law to study the case,
cross-question witnesses, interrogate the plaintiff and the accused, go to the
spot if necessary, assign experts if necessary to explore facts and finally make
a judgement. No verdict should be made
by a single person as judge. If the verdict is not satisfactory to anybody, a
different committee can look into the case.
Fees need be collected only from those found guilty and need not be
collected from those who are found not guilty.
All lawyers must be part of the legal enforcement system. Private
lawyers may assist the plaintiff or the accused, but if any lawyer is found to
hide or distort the truth his licence should be cancelled and he himself may be
punished for doing so. Verdicts should
be mainly in terms of compensating or giving indemnity to the victim, the court
collecting money from the guilty and handing it over to the victim. Incarceration or jailing should be for
correction, re-education and personal growth till a board of experts certifies
that the person has gained enough Stability to be let out.
Holigrative Approach to Religion and
India is a land
of spirituality. People are highly
mixed racially and otherwise. There is a
lot of superstition mixed with real spirituality. An understanding of what true spirituality is
and a careful analysis tracing the origins of the spiritual core of Indian
culture is required to separate the grain from the chaff.
related to question of man’s openness to the Absolute. It involves transcendence of
self-processes. That involves
dissolution of identification with, attachment to and involvement with the
particular limited self, losing the ego (which is self-importance) and
dissolution of mind, compulsive mentation and mental
processes. In all cultures there would
have been people with a high degree of Stability who experience
self-transcendence to various degrees and the aboriginal populations of India
are no exception. There have been
several tribes credited with psi capacities.
The people of
Indus valley had their origin in the Middle East which originally had a shared
culture around the fertile Iraqui plains known as
Mesopotamia. The Hebrew bible uses the term “Yodhevahe”
for God which literally means “I am” . This is
absolute Consciousness. Yehova or God tells Moses “I am who I am” which again means
pure presence or Consciousness beyond space-time. The Dravidians moved East and as they
gradually developed the Indus Valley culture. They evolved a way of life which
was extremely fruitful and productive in the worldly sense and at the same time
extremely spiritual as well. Many
observers who studied the Indus culture have commented on their spirituality. Contrary to popular belief, real natural
spirituality is a way of life of a community and not a matter of individual
effort and gain. Real spirituality is
not a set of dogmas or principles found in books. The Indus people were
traders. They retained trade contacts
with Mesopotamia. Their caravans covered
huge distance across land towards the East.
They crossed the seas to south India and far beyond to collect as well
as sell goods. The long travel, away
from home, wide open places and starry skies opened up their minds and their
minds got deautomatised. Grown up children took on
family responsibilities and after middle age it was time to retire. Retirement meant leaving home, (at first
temporarily and later on permanently) and wandering. More men than women took to a wandering life
after retirement. Food was available as
the community had the practice and custom of giving free food to
wanderers. It was not that they were
“seeking” anything or expecting anything, but it was part of the way of life to
leave home instead of staying at home intruding in the life of the next
generation and fighting with son-in-laws and daughter-in-laws. The cotton fabrics took only a saffron colour
naturally after repeated washing. It was
an act of courage to face death willingly once you have fulfilled your
duties. The custom of old people leaving
home with a bottle of water awaiting death without the trace of fear was
practised by people having trade contacts and interactions with the Indus
people all the way from Indus valley to China and South India. In this way of life was the core of natural
No two persons
have the same God concept. The
God-concept undergoes progressive mutation as Stability increases. To the Indus
valley people God was within. So long as
self-processes were strong God was separate.
As the separate self disappeared, personal God also disappeared. The need for liberation or moksha itself is the root fear which causes the self to
continue to exist. Once you have no
death fear, there is no need for liberation of the non-existing self. The very absence of identifications (with the
particular limited self, primarily and secondly to the community) and need to
save or permanentise the self is real natural
spirituality. Real spirituality is instinctual transcendence that is
transcending the self-preservation drive.
As the Aryans
(originally only Kshatriyas) ,
who were warriors and basically aggressive people, arrived, they sensed the
absence of aggression in the Indus people as the core of their
spirituality. Aggression stems from the
root fear of which one is non-aware. The Aryans used their own aggressiveness
to conquer and establish victory over aggressiveness. They created a formalised religion out of
this which they called Jainism.
Renunciation of the Indus people got institutionalised as monasticism in
Aryans. They extended the practice of non-violence and renunciation to its
extreme limits. Yoga was the collection
of methods you practise by which you “attain” Moksha
or liberation. Santhara
was the formalised practice of dying voluntarily by not taking food. Leaving
home (Mahaprasthan) in search of “Enlightenment”
again became a formal ritual. Buddha introduced the middle path replacing
extreme practices by moderation. Jainism and Buddhism spead all over
India. Buddhism spread outside India also producing a vast amount of
literature as well as monastic orders and missionaries. The Brahmins (original
race called Sarmas) who were originally ritualistic
(conducting Yajnas and Yagas
to propitiate Vedic Gods like Indra), needed the Kshatriyas to fight for them and defend them, Vaisyas to produce goods for them and the Sudras to work
for them and therefore they introduced the concept of duty defined by one’s
birth. They later intellectualised
spirituality and wrote the Upanishads, summarising the principles in the now
famous Bhagavat Gita. Ritualism emerged in Jainism and Buddhism and
the celebate monks took on priestly responsibilities
also and this led to the system becoming corrupt. Sankara in the
Eight century A.D. did what Martin Luther did for Christianity in the
separated priesthood from Sanyasa (monasticism). Priests could marry and this was his solution
for ending corruption in religion.
popular belief, spirituality is not getting intellectual answers, outlandish
experiences or any kind of glory and power.
True spirituality is not mental.
It is not wanting any of the above. Meditation for short periods can reveal fear
driven compulsivity and can give insight into the root fear which causes
compulsive thought, search and problem solving.
The flexible concepts of God are helpful in establishing connection
through symbolism with the transcendental or absolute. Rigid god concepts may help in alleviating
fear, but they may prevent further transcendence.
All over the
world more and more people are becoming less dogmatic and more
pan-religious. That is, they are not
atheists or materialists, but study different religions as well as science and
are realising what true spirituality transcending narrow religious affiliations
In the original
Dravidian culture, every small community or settlement had a large circular
structure with the centre marked by a black stone (later Siva linga ?). This was the community meeting place. The elders met here to take administrative
decisions. People assembled here to
meditate in silence. The sick circumambulated the central stone usually moving in the
clockwise direction in groups to get a cure.
The circular arrangement was supposed to magnify spiritual and psychic
power. As priesthood evolved, the
circular arrangement was replaced the rectangular structures. Original Christianity also had circular
meeting places which were replaced by the rectangular church when Christianity
became dominated by priesthood. I think
a lot of experimentation is required to find out the best arrangements for a
meaningful spiritual practice both at the individual level as well as community
or group level. Perhaps the government
or lay associations of people should build religion-free places of meditation
or community centres, round in structure where people can come and rest and sit
in silence and also jointly attempt to solve problems of the community.
Effecting the Change
Law enactment is
one of the main levers of social change.
Where people are full of Inertia and ignorance, revel in their sloth and
do not want to work, and where people do
not know what is really good for them, how will elected representatives pass
laws to make people work, which will make the politicians lose votes and also
lose power ? The world at present is
ruled mostly by elected representatives, monarchs, one party totalitarian
governments and the like. Will a monarch or elected representatives of a
country rewrite the constitution, abnegate their own personal power, handing
over power to those who pay maximum tax?
I think ideas have fire and psychokinetic power. Violence is not the answer to violence. There is great power in selfless ideas,
thought and intentions. As more and more well-meaning people realise clearly
the importance of needed change and come together, sit in circles and discuss
possible solutions without self-interest, all over the world, changes will
automatically take place.